I was so excited to see that President Obama went to my Alma Mater – Michigan State University – to sign the Farm Bill. He signed it in the Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, which I remember well because I lost my parking spot for my building across the street -the Plant and Soil Science Building! All my friends and colleagues were posting pictures on facebook as the hour approached and it was fantastic to know that we now have funding for things like the State Block Grant Program, Specialty Crops Research Initiative, a new fruit and vegetable incentive grant program for SNAP recipients, and the pest and disease prevention programs.
I will be certainly taking advantage of these grant programs as we head into the next year and hope to have significant funding for stone fruit extension efforts in breeding nationwide for Rosaceae crops and also here at home for fruit quality and peach flavor research.
Important Items for Horticulture Research –
–Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) will receive $275M over five years with budget protection beyond FY2018. (2008 Farm Bill provided for $230M over 5 years)
–For SCRI, the new farm bill provides an additional $125M authorization for five years solely for an “Emergency Citrus Disease Research & Extension Program”. This additional funding will NOT be taken out of the original $275M allocated for other specialty crop research projects.
—Agriculture & Food Research Initiative (AFRI) gets $316M for FY2014, a big $52M increase from two years ago.
—The Organic Agriculture Research & Education Initiative (OREI) retains its funding level at $100M over five years…..$20M each year.
— The Beginning Farmers / Ranchers Development Program also has $100M total over five years — $20M/yr. for FYs 14-18.
—The National Clean Plant Network program. It retains an annual base funding level of $5M/yr., allowing for additional annual funds if permitted by the USDA Secretary. Clean Plant Network’s budget is now merged with Plant Pest & Disease Management.
Formula / Extension Research: Those crucial land-grant funding programs get a boost for FY14:
- Hatch gets $244M….an $8M increase from 2012
- Smith-Lever Extension gets $300M….a $6M increase from 2012
- Evans-Allen (1890) schools get $52.4M…a $1.5M increase from 2012
- Extension for 1890 schools get $44M…a $1.3M increase
—The Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SARE) gets almost $23M for FY14, an $8.2M increase with a combined research and extension budget.
—The Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research:
A NIFA program providing tax incentives for private sector contributions to competitive research grants funded by USDA. Program funding total is $200M, which will cover the entire period of this new farm bill — FY14-18.
SCRI Dual Panel Review Arrangement / Matching Waivers:
The new farm bill ushers in a dual panel grant review process for SCRI. This allows greater collaborative review procedures among research scientists, specialty crop industries, and other stakeholders.
In the 2014 Farm Bill: Sect. 7128 – Non-Federal Matching:
The Conference substitute adopts the House provision with an amendment. The amendment requires at least a 100 percent match from the recipient of competitive grants under certain covered laws but exempts grants awarded to a research agency of the USDA and entities, including their partners, that are eligible to receive capacity funds. The amendment authorizes the Secretary to waive the match requirement if the grant involves research or extension activities that the NAREEE Advisory Board has determined is a national priority specific to a statutory purpose of the program under which the grant is awarded. The match policy will apply to new grants awarded after October 1, 2014. (Section 7128).